According to a report that Radio France Internationale published, Greenpeace East Asia and Custeel (a website that the China Iron and Steel Association, which 16 large-sized steel manufacturers and enterprises in China fund) conducted an investigation of China’s steel production. The findings showed that, despite the serious steel surplus that China faces, its 2016 steel production capacity actually increased by 36.5 million tons. The investigation report disclosed that even though China claimed that, in 2016, it shut down steel factories having 85 million tons of steel capacity, the number should only have been 23 million tons because the rest of the factories that were shut down had been idle, with no production capability. Meanwhile, according to the report, new projects launched in 2016 added 12 million tons of production capacity with most of it located in Hubei Province.
The report stated that China Steel production accounts for 50 percent of the production volume in the world. Competitors criticized (China’s steel industry) for using the destructive competition approach and selling below cost. As a result, in 2016, they faced anti-dumping treatment from the EU and the U.S. The Chinese authorities promised that, by 2020, China would reduce steel production by 100-150 million tons. In 2016, China’s steel production was around 1.1 trillion tons, which means it is sitting on 300 million tons of excess steel.
Source: Radio France Internationale, February 13, 2017 cn.rfi.fr/%E4%B8%AD%E5%9B%BD/20170213-%E6%89%BF%E8%AF%BA%E6%9C%AA%E8%A7%81%E6%95%88-%E5%8E%BB%E5%B9%B4%E4%B8%AD%E5%9B%BD%E9%92%A2%E9%93%81%E4%BA%A7%E8%83%BD%E5%AE%9E%E9%99%85%E5%87%80%E5%A2%9E3650%E4%B8%87%E5%90%A8
In doing research for his new book, Consideration of (Post-Communist) China’s Constitution, Chinese lawyer Gao Zhisheng reported a conversation that enlightened him about how government cadres are not subject to the law. A retired vice president from the Xinjiang High Court told him, “In our country, once the leader reaches a position at a certain level, he no longer needs the law. His power can solve all problems. Only those who are helpless would take the route of a lawsuit.” Continue reading
Chinese military expert Yin Zhuo said, in an interview with CCTV, that the United States is trying to use the South China Sea and the Diaoyu Islands issues as a means to crush China. New U.S. Defense Secretary James Mattis’s visit to South Korea and his scheduled talks with Korea Foreign Minister Yoon Boon-sik and Defense Minister Han Min-chou are to discuss such issues as the deployment of the THAAD anti-missile system, the deployment of U.S. strategic weapons to the Korean Peninsula, and strengthening the deployment of the Asia-Pacific strategic weapons. The intention is to target China. Yin expressed the belief that the United States is forcing China to meet the United States’ requirements in such areas as the economy, the world order, and on other issues.
Military expert Du Wenlong pointed out that the new U.S. Defense Secretary’s choice of South Korea as his first destination in visiting a foreign country is an indication of the two countries’ intention to strengthen their military alliance.
Du said that, for China, there is no room for negotiations on territorial and sovereignty issues, not to mention using them as a bargaining chip. China should let the world see its determination and also its ability <to safeguard its territory>. At the same time, China should display its own advantages and its expertise in the modernization of its national defense and the development of its weaponry to deal well with threats and to contain opponents.
Source: People’s Daily, February 4, 2017
BBC Chinese recently reported that, according to South Korean Ministry of Foreign Affairs officials, China expelled 32 South Korean missionaries in January and arrested another South Korean citizen in February. It is not yet clear whether this had anything to do with the deployment of the THAAD (Terminal High Altitude Area Defense) missile defense system. The South Korean Ministry of Foreign Affairs reminded its Christian organizations that their activities must follow foreign local laws. In February, China also detained a pastor who is an American citizen. China so far has no explanation of these activities. According to South Korean media, there are over one thousand South Korean missionaries in China and many of them have lent a helping hand to North Koreans to escape to China. In the meantime, Chinese authorities have banned or punished South Korean commercial activities in China (such as events in the entertainment business) as well as South Korean companies.
Source: BBC Chinese, February 11, 2017
Xinhua recently reported that the Beijing Leadership Group for the Full Cessation of the Military’s Commercial Services held its initial kick-off meeting on February 8. This marked the official beginning of the complete halt of the military providing commercial services in the Beijing area. Cai Qi, Deputy Secretary of the Beijing Party Committee, who is also the Mayor of Beijing, heads the Leadership Group. At the meeting, Cai delivered a speech that clarified the scope of the Cessation, which includes both the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) and the Military Police. Cai emphasized that the order was based on the strategic decision that Chinese President Xi Jinping made so as to strengthen the Military’s discipline. The current policies allowed for-profit military services in the areas of communication, training, entertainment, sports, storage, science, health care, construction, real estate, and mechanical repairs. However, commercial military services have been identified as a key funding source for corruption.
Source: Xinhua, February 8, 2017