On August 6, 2012, the National Population and Family Planning Commission of China released China’s 2012 Migrant Population Development Report. According to the report, the migrant population reached 230 million in 2011, accounting for 17 percent of the national population. Migrant worker’s average age was 28. In 2011, no more than 30 percent of the entire migrant workers population had insurance. Migrant worker’s insurance includes pensions, medical care, disability, unemployment, maternity, and funds for housing. Seventy-two percent of migrants either rent or share housing with others.
According to the report, China’s migrant workers work an average of 54.6 hours per week, far surpassing the standard 40 hour work week stipulated in China’s Labor Law. Only 51.3 percent of migrant workers have a fixed-term labor contract.
Source: The Central People’s Government of the People’s Republic of China, August 7, 2012