achat lithium pharmacie en france acheter flexisyn maroc achat nitrofurantoin generique pfizer achat liv 52 75 acheter pletal et duphaston comment acheter du lasix au maroc achat decadron livraison 24h ou acheter du cleocin naturel lotensin sans ordonnance en pharmacie en france acheter cymbalta sans ordonnance a paris acheter serophene en 24h acheter elimite 120 mg gélule etui de 84 acheter lukol et payer avec paypal erexin v sirop sans ordonnance peut on acheter du actoplus met sans ordonnance en suisse avis site achat aciclovir achat mentat en ligne forum achat levitra livraison rapide qui a deja acheter nootropil sur internet peut on acheter du diarex en espagne sans ordonnance ou acheter du medrol forum ou acheter du abana gel comment avoir une ordonnance pour du noroxin comment se procurer du temovate sans ordonnance augmentin en ligne france pas cher acheter quibron t féminin ou je peux acheter fluoxetine faut une ordonnance pour le lotensin forum acheter du lipitor en france achat actos et viagra hyzaar 200 mg sans ordonnance advair diskus generique ordonnance forum achat himplasia sur internet ou acheter diovan avis ou acheter du alesse a lyon sans ordonnance ou acheter du albendazole a quebec acheter zyban oral jelly livraison rapide site confiance achat crestor acheter bactrim paris sans ordonnance achat-arimidex-france.com achat de pamelor canada trental sandoz pas cher astelin achat serieux lamisil avec ou sans ordonnance acheter top avana mifegyne acheter kytril livraison express peut on acheter du phexin sans ordonance acheter myambutol sur internet danger acheter du avodart pour femme faut t il une ordonnance pour acheter du top avana ou acheter arava luxembourg ou acheter du ayurslim 20 mg achat elavil sans ordonnance en france achat serpina grande bretagne acheter tadacip orlistat ou acheter medicament top avana acheter sarafem en algerie chibro mircette ordonnance meilleurs sites pour acheter du lisinopril glucovance acheter ligne achat zithromax par internet commande lithium en ligne shampoing cholestoplex sans ordonnance achat speman en ligne pas cher comment faire pour acheter du slimex achat xeloda 5mg en ligne acheter du peni large forum acheter du terramycin en toute sécurité ou acheter generic sildalis acheter du duetact pas chere achat du omnicef pfizer forum ou acheter du minocin sur internet acheter lopid genève compazine gel 100mg pas cher tricor poux sans ordonnance acheter du hydrochlorothiazide son ordonnance acheter nicotinell pour femme ligne acheter du claritin en angleterre azulfidine 20mg pas cher paris acheter amaryl pour femme ligne acheter cozaar pharmacie pharmacie pas cher zithromax provigro acheter procalis cafergot quel est meilleur site pour acheter benemid vente pariet pas cher achat tadapox generique comment avoir une ordonnance pour du carafate ou acheter tetracycline generique ou acheter tofranil en ligne commande de liv 52 sur internet tulsi sleep pommade sans ordonnance achat vrai norvasc achat floxin et viagra acheter zenegra rapide peux t on acheter du ceftin en pharmacie sans ordonnance ou acheter cabgolin en toute confiance ou acheter trimox generique forum propecia pharmacie france sans ordonnance achat en ligne finax pfizer peut on se procurer du florinef sans ordonnance en pharmacie forum trental sans ordonnance achat septilin en grande bretagne acheter bon prinivil achat de zofran 20 mg urispas en ligne pas cher acheter du shuddha guggulu belgique grifulvin v sans ordonnance paris acheter xenical cialis en ligne doxycycline ordonnance suisse acheter du duphalac en ligne avis acheter du benfotiamine pfizer en france lariam nourrisson ordonnance equivalent au synthroid sans ordonnance acheter amantadine oral jelly livraison rapide achat temovate en ligne en france comment avoir du lynoral sans ordonnance en france acheter prometrium en ligne montreal cefixime sans ordonnance en france achat lisinopril sans ordonnance en france le prednisone avec ou sans ordonnance acheter du zoloft pour homme ou acheter du elavil a quebec tretinoin shampooing sans ordonnance traitement avapro sans ordonnance trileptal 850 sans ordonnance achat en ligne viagra serevent acheter sarafem a paris faut il une prescription pour acheter du rosuvastatin actos pas cher et livraison rapide acheter acivir pills 10 avoir du hydrochlorothiazide sans ordonnance acheter du provera suisse zebeta pas cher site serieux clindamycin 20mg sans ordonnance en france ou acheter du skelaxin a paris sans ordonnance ou acheter du cytoxan sur paris zantac 1 sans ordonnance bon site pour acheter du triamterene acheter du augmentin lilly acheter prednisolone strasbourg acheter le tadalafil plavix plaquenil commande rapide ou acheter le vrai zyvox avis acheter tamoxifen ou acheter son prednisone acheter ditropan sur le net hydrea en pharmacie avec ou sans ordonnance ordonnance ou pas pour ditropan achat tadalis sx roche peut avoir crestor sans ordonnance chloramphenicol et viagra pas cher acheter actonel le moins cher acheter du urispas en toute discretion achat seroquel homme ou acheter kemadrin 10mg ou acheter famvir a paris ou acheter du lamisil par internet achat vrai lasuna achat alavert 20 ligne blog achat de cytoxan en france peut t on acheter du paxil en pharmacie sans ordonnance achat suhagra pas cher noroxin achat en france calcium carbonate andorre sans ordonnance lisinopril 200 mg sans ordonnance clomid pas cher en pharmacie paris cymbalta gel 100mg pas cher acheter abilify professionnel acheter mifegyne et femara acheter de la ciplox ou acheter misoprostol famvir acheter vrais apcalis sx fml forte en pharmacie sans ordonnance en france peut on acheter yasmin en pharmacie achat pletal generique en pharmacie diclofenac 10mg sans ordonnance achat ligne singulair acheter aldactone en italie acheter beconase aq en chine risque d'acheter hyzaar par internet acheter du aceon sans ordonnance en france ou acheter generic trazodone achat urispas 10 avis ou acheter doxycycline acheter du brahmi lilly acheter betapace en pharmacie forum ordonnance médicale pour doxazosin acheter avodart indien avana sans ordonnance en pharmacie en france acheter cleocin gel en pharmacie belgique achat-crestor-france.com acheter celadrin en gel forum sur quel site pour acheter arcoxia acheter arava 75 tulsi sleep comprimes sans ordonnance lotrisone chlamydia sans ordonnance achat zenegra oral jelly belgique achat meclizine générique en france pharmacie trileptal pas cher site securise achat npxl avis sur l'achat de pyridium en ligne achat de vrai grifulvin v acheter du nitrofurantoin forum ou acheter du flexisyn en toute sécurité achat torsemide rapide acheter actoplus met gel en ligne fucidin inde acheter peut ton acheter du cyklokapron en pharmacie indocin achat serieux ou peut on acheter du xenical sans ordonnance propranolol pas cher canada liv 52 generique achat en ligne peut on acheter du cleocin gel en france sans ordonnance acheter lasilix et hydrochlorothiazide meilleur site pour acheter silvitra indocin 50 mg sans ordonnance achat en ligne vantin generique comment obtenir une ordonnance de naltrexone acheter bactroban 5 etodolac generique sans ordonnance calan 10mg pas cher ou acheter du clonidine en vente libre glucovance achat sur internet comment acheter urispas en tunisie mycelex g en suisse sans ordonnance ou acheter buspar maroc achat avapro sur ou acheter du mycelex g a geneve acheter fertomid sans ordonnance paris acheter trandate en tunisie faut il une ordonnance pour acheter du aceon en pharmacie ou acheter cholestoplex generique en france ordonnance pour acheter du cafergot colchicine acheter forum florinef generique ordonnance achat propecia en ligne quebec acheter ashwagandha 20 comment acheter du nootropil en espagne cabgolin pas cher marseille achat ligne actoplus met acheter ventolin sans ordonnance pharmacie acheter maxalt generique en pharmacie acheter du fluoxetine en chine acheter duetact feminin acheter du finast pas cher sur internet comparatif achat calan buspar acheter en ligne canada colospa sans ordonnance pas cher ou acheter du viagra en ligne silvitra sans ordonnance europe nitrofurantoin sans ordonnance pharmacie forum achat ginseng 50 acheter tenormin fabriqué en france ou acheter du mycelex g en andorre forum acheter du femara sans ordonnance voveran pour homme pas cher levothroid centrale d achat diarex 150 mg sans ordonnance ordonnance olanzapine en ligne acheter du aldactone en europe ou je peux acheter emsam meilleur site d'achat de prilosec achat minocycline pas chere meilleurs sites achat hoodia ou acheter cialis belgique ou acheter viagra tenormin acheter aspirin site serieux achat sumycin par cheque acheter chloroquine contre remboursement acheter zyprexa homme et femme atorlip spray sans ordonnance ou acheter proventil en pharmacie temoignage achat glucovance internet acheter zithromax pharmacie maroc achat methotrexate france comment acheter du micronase par internet ou acheter du bentyl en securité ou acheter omnicef avis acheter roxithromycin a paris chibro noroxin acheter ordonnance requip belgique quel pays carbozyne sans ordonnance acheter suprax pharmacie en ligne faut il une ordonnance pour acheter du claritin en france peut on acheter du methotrexate en pharmacie sans ordonnance au quebec acticin generic pas cher acheter du sarafem en turquie achat en ligne du dilantin acheter pristiq en securite acheter cafergot en gel achat exelon ligne suisse comment avoir du pristiq en pharmacie sans ordonnance commande antabuse en ligne acheter nolvadex et chloromycetin ou acheter du amaryl en france sans ordonnance calan comprimés sans ordonnance faut t il une ordonnance pour avoir du actoplus met medecins online acheter depakote acheter fertomid 10mg france peut on acheter du ciplox en espagne sans ordonnance plaquenil pharmacie pas cher paris achat du desyrel en ligne acheter panmycin en toute securite acheter nolvadex et medrol site serieux achat voltaren meilleurs site pour acheter du plendil j'ai acheter azulfidine sur internet site sure pour acheter medrol acheter trazodone sans ordonnance en ligne achat de naltrexone generique en ligne forum acheter du fluoxetine sur internet ou acheter du vrai entocort en ligne site sur achat olanzapine acheter medicament erythromycin acheter du benadryl sur internet forum benemid pfizer achat en ligne acheter zanaflex pfizer sans ordonnance comment se procurer du endep sans ordonnance en france achat fml forte original en ligne ou acheter motilium générique derivé du motilium sans ordonnance achat moduretic paiement paypal achat minomycin medicament générique biaxin sans ordonnance vente amantadine sans ordonnance belgique acheter lasilix et bentyl ou acheter trazodone en toute confiance acheter cyklokapron orodispersible acheter dapoxetine en inde ou acheter benicar sur ou acheter du minomycin sur internet forum achat celebrex en ligne pas cher sildalis achat comparatif commande digoxin suisse où acheter cytotec forum achat arcoxia en ligne belgique achat clindamycin en ligne europe ordonnance valtrex belgique achat decadron ou viagra exemple d ordonnance v gel achat en ligne astelin generique qui a pris benzac sans ordonnance acheter vantin gel ligne achat citalopram pharmacie andorre acheter zyvox pas cher en ligne acheter duphaston et triamcinolone zestril gel 100 mg pas cher avis sur site achat motilium acheter viagra ou mobic hytrin belgique aucune prescription acheter zantac orodispersible atrovent pas cher en pharmacie à paris plavix avec ou sans ordonnance au maroc acheter du zofran 5mg acheter nimotop luxembourg acheter du cialis sans ordonnance en suisse prednisolone spray sans ordonnance acheter malegra en 48h roxithromycin 50 mg sans ordonnance achat du cardura sur internet sominex au maroc avec ou sans ordonnance achat differin pour homme acheter dostinex en suisse acheter sildalis sans ordonnance au quebec achat lotrisone sur internet grifulvin v pfizer achat en ligne commande arava par internet ou je peux acheter du serpina acheter du lipothin sur un site français commande de bactrim france peut on acheter du lasix en pharmacie ciplox achat pharmacie faut t il une ordonnance pour du nicotinell acheter isoniazid generique canada viagra elavil levitra pas cher achat terramycin pour homme comment acheter du nitrofurantoin sans ordonnance probalan pour homme en pharmacie sans ordonnance acheter aciphex france ligne acticin 5mg achat en france faut il une ordonnance pour le tenormin en pharmacie acheter hydrea en france sans ordonnance meilleur site pour achat pristiq besoin d'une ordonnance pour zovirax ou acheter du elavil belgique lipothin en ligne pas cher générique tinidazole sans ordonnance achat calcium carbonate en ligne en france acheter du lipitor a paris peut on avoir du strattera sans ordonnance en pharmacie acheter cefadroxil ligne forum ou acheter pilule seroquel peut on acheter orlistat en pharmacie sans ordonnance conseil achat lotrisone internet acheter seroflo acheter com avoir une ordonnance pour du ashwagandha acheter temovate 5 advair diskus sans ordonnance achat ligne celexa site sur achat coreg forum ayurslim ou acheter tofranil lilly pas cher achat rosuvastatin feminin sur quelle site acheter du saw palmetto acheter provera vrai acheter forzest 20 meilleure pharmacie pour acheter du biaxin meilleurs sites pour achat evecare comment acheter le lisinopril au maroc forum slim tea en pharmacie sans ordonnance peut on se procurer du serpina sans ordonnance en pharmacie prinivil pas cher luxembourg acheter nitrofurantoin et viagra acheter du voltaren au luxembourg acheter duphaston et epivir hbv acheter ralista generique en pharmacie faut il une ordonnance pour acheter du lynoral en espagne glucotrol xl uniquement ordonnance achat en ligne prilosec quebec dans quel pays acheter du silvitra sans ordonnance dans quel pays acheter suprax sans ordonnance achat sildalis medicament bon site pour acheter cipro promethazine belgique aucune prescription alavert en pharmacie france sans ordonnance acheter suhagra sans ordonnance en suisse achat uroxatral pharmacie belgique ou acheter du nizoral sur internet achat maxalt novartis faut il une ordonnance pour du colchicine en espagne acheter tofranil par cheque duetact achat en belgique ou acheter cholestoplex internet achat levothroid suisse triamcinolone achat pharmacie en ligne achat endep generique pfizer ordonnance de amaryl acivir pills sans ordonnance paypal générique du zovirax sans ordonnance ou acheter du ceftin sur internet forum acheter generique famvir en france comment se procurer du micronase sans ordonnance en france ou acheter flomax pfizer quel site serieux pour acheter du hydrea quel aleve acheter acheter isoniazid pas chers orlistat 20 avec ordonnance acheter elimite 5 mg achat geriforte syrup actigo acheter du grifulvin v au canada est il possible d'acheter du betapace en pharmacie sans ordonnance achat de slimex 20 mg acheter singulair en magasin avis acheter isoptin en ligne actoplus met sandoz acheter ou acheter du ditropan en securité acheter du fertomid en ligne en france acheter cipro 20mg en pharmacie achat nizagara 20 ligne doxazosin gel 100mg pas cher ou acheter zanaflex pfizer acheter du benzac en belgique ou acheter bentyl générique crestor achat sur le net comment acheter du rosuvastatin par internet ou acheter du celexa en vente libre où trouver du zenegra à paris sans ordonnance remeron achat comment se procurer du levlen sans ordonnance en france validité ordonnance tricor acheter generique protonix en ligne valtrex ou en acheter acheter du viagra ou du micardis acheter uroxatral conseil ou acheter du shuddha guggulu sans ordonnance forum acheter diclofenac générique en ligne avis achat en ligne crestor achat zestril france 24 achat zyprexa rapide doctissimo ou acheter sumycin rogaine poux sans ordonnance le etodolac est il sur ordonnance où acheter tadalis sx qui a pris alesse sans ordonnance femara generique achat en france forum sur achat altace en ligne acheter mifégyne et colospa emsam forte sans ordonnance doctissimo achat motrin site de confiance achat vasotec methotrexate ou l'acheter acheter du remeron original en france achat panmycin 20mg en france site sur pour acheter ampicillin comment acheter benfotiamine pharmacie sans ordonnance ou acheter du haldol en toute securite ou acheter du diabecon en europe achat de zithromax pour femme acheter triamcinolone au canada sans prescription
Home
He Qinglian: The Political Face of Several Hong Kong Media Owners Print E-mail
Written by LD, TL, AF, AT   

[Editor’s Note: He Qinglian, a Chinese author and economist, is famous for her book The Pitfalls of Modernization. She has conducted extensive studies on the Chinese government’s control of the media. The following is an article she wrote about the Hong Kong media’s connections with Beijing.] [1]

Since Ai Weiwei was jailed, the media of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) have repeatedly criticized him. Because they worry that the Chinese people might relate to too many things, they have not publicly shown Ai’s famous photo “Grass-Mud-Horse-Crotch-Party-Central” (Ed: It is a picture of Ai completely naked and holding a toy horse in front of his genitals. The name of the photo, “Grass-Mud-Horse-Crotch-Central,” is homonymic for “F--- Your Mother Party Central” [2]). Hong Kong media Wen Wei Po and Ta Kung Pao took up the “baton of revolutionary mass criticism” from Beijing’s Party media and opened fire on Ai to show that Ai had angered the “overseas Chinese media.” With even greater cunning, Ta Kung Pao changed “Grass-Mud-Horse-Crotch-Party-Central” to “Grass-Mud-Horse-Crotch-Motherland” in an attempt to get their readers to be irate over Ai. It stated: “Ai’s so-called artwork resonates with the West by humiliating China … it has seriously hurt the Chinese people's feelings.”

It is important to let Mainland readers know the actual facts about the Party’s claim that “The Party’s bright sunlight” shines on all Chinese media around the world. Let’s first examine the real situation of how the Communists have infiltrated the Hong Kong media.

Currently, there are two types of pro-CCP media in Hong Kong. One is the media that the CCP funds directly. This includes Ta Kung Pao, Wen Wei Po, Hong Kong Commercial Daily, Phoenix Television (PTV), as well as two that the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC) member Charles Ho acquired, Sing Tao News Corporation and Asia Television (ATV). In the 1990s and earlier, the persons-in-charge of this type of media were usually underground CCP members in Hong Kong. For instance, Li Zisong was the president of Wen Wei Po for many years. Since the reunification of Hong Kong and China in 1997, the authorities in Beijing have appointed most of the persons-in-charge of these media. For instance, the president and CEO of Wen Wei Po are Zhang Guoliang (CPPCC member) and Wang Shucheng (Xinhua News Agency Beijing’s Bureau Chief and Economic Information Daily’s editor-in-chief). Wang was sent over by Xinhua News Agency. Kang Zhong, the current president and CEO of Ta Kung Pao was formerly the Bureau Chief of Xinhua News Agency’s Inner Mongolia Branch and director of Xinhua News Service. This type of media has always been the CCP’s voice in Hong Kong, and now they have been given to the “propaganda specialists” who once worked for the CCP’s media in China. Thus it is no surprise that they are becoming more and more like branches of People's Daily and Xinhua News Agency.
 
The second type is the media that have recently grown closer to the CCP. They include Television Broadcasts Limited (TVB), the Oriental Press Group, and Metro Broadcast. Before the reunification in 1997, there was a period of time in which intellectuals headed the newspapers. During that time, Hong Kong enjoyed full freedom of the press. After the reunification, however, the Hong Kong business giants suddenly took up the hobby of investing in media, and many people started buying media. Their purpose, just as Lee Chin-chuan pointed out, was to “to put some tough free media in order for Beijing.” Instead of intellectuals owning newspapers, business people gradually took over. In time the pro-CCP businessmen and pro-CCP financial groups occupied Hong Kong’s public opinion front. Taking an overview of Hong Kong’s mainstream media, the owners or senior members of the majority of the media have been the recipients of honors from the Hong Kong government or the Mainland. Those who do not yet have such titles all have large businesses in mainland China.

Media owners who Beijing awarded various types of political honors include:

Charles Ho is the chairman of Global China Group Holdings Limited, which owns Sing Tao Daily, Headline Daily, and the English newspaper The Standard.            Beijing appointed him a member of the CPPCC Standing Committee. In 2004, Lo Wing Hung, the Chief Executive Officer of Sing Tao Daily and the president of Headline Daily, was awarded the Bronze Bauhinia Star.

The Chairman of Economic Daily, Ping Shaobo, is a member of the CPPCC and was
 In 2003 Beijing appointed Ma Chengkun, chairman of Oriental Press Group, which owns Oriental Daily and The Sun, as a member of the CPPCC. That same year, Ma Cheng, the Group’s president was awarded the Bronze Bauhinia Star.

Hong Kong Commercial Daily is listed as one of the three patriotic newspapers (to mainland China) together with Wen Wei Po and Ta Kung Pao. It belongs to the Joint Publishing Group, whose chairman, Lee Cho Jat, is a member of the CPPCC and was awarded the Silver Bauhinia Star in 1998.

Peter Woo, chairman of Secretary Wharf, which owns i-Cable Television, is a member of the CPPCC Standing Committee and was awarded the Gold Bauhinia Star in 1998. Li Ka-shing, chairman of Cheung Kong Group, was awarded the Grand Bauhinia Star in 2001; its vice-president, Victor Li, is a member of the CPPCC Standing Committee. Cheung Kong Group and Hutchison Whampoa Limited share the ownership of Metro Broadcast. Run Run Shaw, chairman of Television Broadcasts Limited, and his former assistant general manager Raymond Wong were each awarded the Silver Bauhinia Star in 1998. Chen Yongqi, former Chief Executive Officer of Asia Television, is a member of the CPPCC Standing Committee and was awarded the Gold Bauhinia Star in 2000.

Chen Zaobiao, editor-in-chief of Hong Kong Economic Times, received the Bronze Bauhinia Star in 2007.

There are also many who do not hold government positions or honors, but have businesses and economic interests in mainland China. Robert Kuok, chairman of the Kerry Group, which owns the South China Morning Post, invested heavily in real estate and hotel businesses in the Mainland after the June Fourth Incident in 1989; in the 1980s, he was known as one of the most important investors. Ming Pao Corporate President, Malaysian Chinese businessman Tiong Hiew King has several leisure publications distributed in major cities in the Mainland. Shih Wing Ching, the founder of the free newspaper am730, has a real estate business in the Mainland with over ten thousand employees. Because these people have substantial economic interests that are tied to China, of course the position these media take reflects their bosses’ attitudes.

Let’s take Sing Tao Daily as an example. The wealthy Southeast Chinese businessman Aw Boon Haw founded this newspaper in 1938. It was headquartered in Hong Kong but had branches in the United States, Canada, the UK, and Australia. In 2004, Aw Boon Haw’s daughter, Sally Aw Sian, sold the ownership of Sing Tao Daily to the Global China Group, which is owned by Charles Ho (a member of CPPCC), who has a strong CCP link. Charles Ho renamed it Sing Tao News Corporation, and its position became even more pro-CCP. Its editorials commonly support the Beijing government. In October 1995, Malaysian Chinese timber industry giant Datuk Tiong Hiew acquired Ming Pao; since then, Ming Pao has been pro-Beijing.

Because the owners of the media or the media themselves have close ties with the Mainland, the freedom of the press that the British Hong Kong Government left has been gradually disappearing. For over 10 years, the Executive Director of Social Ventures Hong Kong, Doris Leung, worked as a television reporter, host, and director. She admitted that, since the reunification, the overall credibility of Hong Kong’s media has gone steadily downhill. She pointed out that Hong Kong media have been in pursuit of commercial interests at the expense of social responsibility. She said, “If it is a serious car accident, a large-scale fire, or a big lawsuit, the Hong Kong media will almost always diligently report on it. They even recognize those with loving hearts and open fire on the cold-blooded and ruthless ones.” When it comes to sensitive topics such as politics or powerful figures, however, they will present another face. "Those in power, including the government and all the enterprise groups and public institutions, pay more and more attention to dealing with the media. They expend great effort to learn to ‘take care of” the press in order to protect themselves.” From the perspective of the media industry, many have become a “white terror.” [3] “Even the media cannot help but doubt themselves: ‘Can today's media still have a broad and deep influence and bring society Truthfulness, Goodness, and Beauty?’”

According to the 2009-2010 Annual Review of Press Freedom around the World published by U.S. Freedom House, due to the growing influence that Beijing imposes on Hong Kong’s media, the Hong Kong press freedom designation dropped from “free” to “partly free.” The Hong Kong people increasingly dislike the pro-Beijing newspapers that the Hong Kong businesses run. They have even launched a “destroy ‘Headline Daily’” movement on Facebook.

When this kind of “Communist Voice in Hong Kong” joins the chorus that is criticizing Ai Weiwei, at best they can only fool those Mainland people who are closed to the outside world. Since most of them do not get to see these media anyway, what these media are doing can only be regarded as providing mental comfort for Beijing’s authorities.

Endnotes:
[1] The Epoch Times, “He Qinglian: The Political Face of Several Hong Kong Media Owners Exposed,” April 15, 2011.
http://www.epochtimes.com/gb/11/4/15/n3228794.htm.
[2] The photo can be seen on the Guggenheim petition calling for Ai’s release. See: http://krisjaniskaktins-gorsline.blogspot.com/2011/04/call-for-release-of-ai-weiwei.html
[3] In modern Chinese history, White Terror describes a period of political suppression enacted by the Kuomintang party under the leadership of Chiang Kai-shek. See:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/White_Terror_%28mainland_China%29
Last Updated ( Saturday, 30 April 2011 )