Recently some countries such as Russia, North Korea, and Brazil agreed to the use of Renminbi (RMB) jn settlements in bilateral trade with China. Economist Yin Hetian gave three reasons for their decision:
The first is a political reason: Countries such as Pakistan, Laos, Cambodia, North Korea, and Iran receive financial support from Beijing. For this reason, they feel they are compelled to accept the RMB when exporting to China. However, there is not much for China to gain in this, since these countries “suck China’s blood.”
The second is the discounted goods from China. Russia and Brazil provide energy resources to China and have a trade surplus over China. China sells them goods of daily necessities, which they can also buy from other countries using the U.S. dollar. Therefore, China must sell its goods at a discount.
The third is China’s US dollar reserve. Those countries feel comfortable about the RMB because of China’s foreign reserve of 3 trillion US dollars. They put their dollar reserve in a different format: holding the RMB which links to China’s dollar reserve. If China’s dollar reserve is gone, then no one will want to take RMB.
Source: China News Center, April 24, 2023