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China’s War Simulation: 24 Hypersonic Missiles Will Completely Annihilate the Ford Aircraft Carrier Strike Group

Both the South China Morning Post and China Finance Information reported the war simulation result published on the Journal of Testing Technology (测试技术学报). Cao Hongsong’s research team at North Central University conducted 20 rounds of digital war simulation exercises. In each round, China fired 24 hypersonic anti-ship missiles and was able to sink an average of five or six U.S. ships including the USS Ford aircraft carrier, effectively destroying the entire aircraft carrier strike group.

North Central University is a second-class national confidential unit. It is jointly owned by Shanxi Province, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, and the National Defense Science and Industry Bureau. The Journal of Testing Technology is a journal jointly run by the university and the China Military Industry Association.

The simulation fired two types of hypersonic missiles: Category A with 2,000 km range and Category B with 4,000 km range. China’s attack came in three waves from six launching bases. The first wave had 8 Class A missiles, mainly to deplete U.S. SM-3 interceptors. The second wave, the main attack wave, contained 8 Class B and 2 Class A missiles and sank the U.S. aircraft carrier and cruisers. The third wave consisted of six Class A missiles to sink the remaining U.S. ships.

Source: Sohu, May 26, 2023

China Implements New Conscription Regulations

China implemented a revised conscription law as of May 1. It allows for the re-enlistment of retired soldiers and for the conscription of students with high-tech training. According to experts, China’s long-term military preparation is necessary to counter the declining birth rate and prepare for a potential high-tech war. Chen Shih-min, an associate professor at National Taiwan University’s Department of Political Science, stated that manpower is one of the essential resources in warfare. China’s previous one-child policy practice and the high cost of raising children put China into a negative population growth. Facing the conscription difficulty, Beijing tried to revise the relevant laws to bring back retired soldiers. Chen added that a high-tech war requires specialized talent in the field of AI, robotics, and other high-tech areas. Also, conscription should prioritize students with such training. Overall, China is in a state of long-term military preparedness, and any military mobilization serves as a reminder for Taiwan. The Nikkei Asia report directly pointed out that the new conscription law is aimed at the Taiwan Strait conflict.

Source: Central News Agency (Taiwan), May 2, 2023

Forty-Eight Taiwan’s Retired Generals Involved in Beijing Espionage Case

The District Prosecutor’s Office in Kaohsiung city of Southern Taiwan has indicted former retired navy Rear Admiral Xia Fuxiang (夏复翔) and former Kuomintang (KMT) legislator Luo Zhiming (罗志明) for their involvement in introducing retired military generals to visit China and receive United Front ideology, with the aim of developing spy organizations in China. The number of retired officers introduced over the past six years reached 48, with 13 missions and 194 trips.

The retired generals involved in this espionage case came from all military branches, with ranks of lieutenant colonel or higher. Major General Guan Benkun (官本鲲), former senior official of the National Security Council, was invited to China 10 times, while Chen Shengwen (陈盛文), former head of Heng Shan Military Command Center, visited nine times. Even high-ranking naval officers, including the former Vice Commander-in-Chief, former Chief of Operations, former Lieutenant General Commander of the Department of Corrections, and former Vice Admiral of the Naval Command, have been invited to mainland China.

The indictment reveals that these retired generals claimed that China used the visits to promote “one country, two systems,” “armed reunification,” “peaceful reunification,” and other content with the intention of turning them against Taiwan. Moreover, Beijing collected intelligence on Taiwan’s missile defense, military buildup, defense technologies, as well as the personalities of defense officials and military leaders.

The indictment suggests that restrictions on retired military personnel visiting China were relaxed during Ma Ying-jeou’s presidency, following former KMT Chairman Lien Chan’s ice-breaking trip to China, enabling high ranking officers to visit China. This has given the Chinese Communist Party a window of opportunity to engage in United Front work.

Source: Radio Free Asia, March 30, 2023

China’s People’s War to Be Used against Taiwan

From PLA Daily: China’s People’s War to Be Used against Taiwan:

China’s military newspaper published an article advocating that Mao Zedong’s people’s war should be applied  to and used against Taiwan. The People’s Liberation Army Daily (PLA Daily) ‘s article of March 30, 2023, is viewed as a sign that Beijing has included both military and political considerations in its military reunification efforts against Taiwan.

The article stated that the people’s war is a strategy and it is also the method used in a just war for national independence, for the people’s liberation, and for national prosperity. It also generally adheres to the fundamental principle of defensiveness.

The article said that the integrity of the strategy and tactics of the people’s war emphasizes both military and non-military means leveraging each other as one holistic strategy of politics, economy, diplomacy, public opinion, and military forces.

The article expressed that the people’s war requires the mobilization of the whole country to overcome local deficiencies and disadvantages so as to defeat this “powerful opponent.”

The article also said that active defense is a product of the people’s war and it is also the fundamental requirement to carry out the war of justice effectively.

The article further stated that the people’s war strategy reminds the military of the political aspects that should be taken into account. In addition, it suggested that the protests that occurred in Hong Kong should be avoided in Taiwan.

According to analysts, Beijing has mentioned that the people’s war should be carried forward and based on active defense. China has always regarded the military reunification with Taiwan as a defensive operation because Beijing views Taiwan as China’s territory.

Source: The PLA Daily, March 31, 2023                                                                                                                                                                                                

China’s Military Spending to Increase by 7.2 Percent

On March 6th, Chinese Defense Ministry spokesman Tan Kefei responded to the 7.2 percent increase in the military budget for 2023 by stating that China’s “limited defense spending is entirely to safeguard national sovereignty, security and development interests.” The additional funds will be allocated toward strengthening military training and preparation, as well as major projects in science, technology, and equipment.

Tan explained that the Chinese government adheres to the policy of “coordinated development of national defense and economic construction,” and “reasonably determines” the scale of defense spending based on national defense needs and the level of national economic development. Over the past few years, China has maintained “moderate growth” in defense spending while ensuring sustained and healthy economic and social development. This approach aims to promote “simultaneous enhancement of national defense strength and economic strength.”

According to Tan, China’s increased defense spending this year will primarily be used to: comprehensively strengthen military training and preparation for war, in line with the 14th Five-Year Plan for military construction; accelerate the construction of a modernized logistics system; implement major projects in defense science and technology and weaponry, and transform science and technology into combat power; consolidate and expand the achievements of national defense and military reform; and improve the level of military governance. The increased funding will also adapt to the level of national economic and social development and continuously improve the working, training, and living conditions of troops.

Source: Central News Agency (Taiwan), March 6, 2023

China’s Countermeasure to Starlink

Seeing the SpaceX’s Starlink power in the Ukraine war, the Chinese military has been thinking about how to counter it. Recently, in the February edition of the Command, Control and Simulation Journal, a researcher at China’s Space Engineering University published a thesis, “The Impact of Starlink’s Cconstellation on Space Situational Awareness and Countermeasures.”

The article said that Starlink’s near 42,000 low-orbit satellites can realize high-speed network communication and a high military potential, as well as present a huge threat to China’s space development.

The China Satellite Network Group Co. Ltd. has a “Giant Constellations” plan called Guo Wang (GW), Chinese words “国网,” (meaning National Web), to deploy 13,000 low-orbit Internet satellites, to compete with and occupy orbital tracks and radio frequencies. That company was established by the State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission (SASAC) on April 28, 2021, with 10 billion yuan in registered capital.

The thesis also said that it can deploy “lethal” weapons on its satellites, such as lasers and high-powered microwaves weapons, to attack the Starlink satellites. “If necessary, (China) can paralyze the Starlink with specialized electronic warfare and sophisticated electromagnetic jamming techniques.”

SpaceX owner, Elon Musk, mentioned on October 7, 2022, that the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) expressed that they did not want him to use Starlink to help the Ukrainian army and asked him to guarantee not to sell the Starlink service in China. He also said in 2015 that the CCP threatened that they would blow out his satellites if he provided the Chinese people with network service which would bypass the CCP’s censorship.

1. Liberty Times, February 25, 2023
2. Epoch Times, March 3, 2023

China’s Development and Reform Commission Manages National Defense Mobilization

China’s National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC), a macroeconomic management agency under the State Council, is managing the country’s defense mobilization efforts. Several Chinese provinces and cities have listed their defense mobilization offices under the NDRC’s management, including Shanghai and Fujian.

According to scholars, military operations require economic mobilization and resource dispatch, which is one of the main responsibilities of the NDRC. In addition to managing economic construction, the NDRC works with relevant authorities to formulate strategies to promote the coordinated development of economic and national defense construction and undertakes specific work related to the National Defense Mobilization Commission.

Chen Shimin, an associate professor of the Department of Political Science at National Taiwan University, explained that national defense mobilization involves the overall economy, resource allocation, and scheduling. For example, in the event of a military operation, it is necessary to get manpower to the battlefield, which requires the coordination of the production of materials by the NDRC and other related operations.

China Defense News, the official outlet for the People’s Liberation Army, notes that the new round of national defense mobilization system reform is characterized by the establishment of national defense mobilization offices in a number of places and transferring the functions of coordination and management from the provincial military districts to the local governments. This change aims to address the situation of military organs doing everything and to organize and deploy resources in a better manner so as to form an overall joint force to deal with war or emergencies.

Overall, the management of national defense mobilization by the NDRC highlights the importance of coordination between economic and defense efforts in China. With the establishment of national defense mobilization offices in various places, the country can better prepare for potential emergencies and respond more effectively to military operations.

Source: Central News Agency (Taiwan), February 28, 2023

China’s New Military Reserve Personnel Law May Be Part of Possible Preparation for Invading Taiwan

The Taiwanese news site NewTalk recently reported that China is about to take the first step in preparation  for invading Taiwan by force. China’s Reserve Personnel Law  passed by the National People’s Congress at the end of last year, will come into effect on March 1. Some netizens pointed out that the law expands the age limit for reserve service to men between the ages of 18 and 60, which shows that China’s intent to  move against Taiwan is becoming more and more obvious. Due to the implementation of the new law and the abolition of the old law, some veterans (under the age of 60) who have already retired from the original reserve age may be included in the registration of reserve personnel again. In the previous reserve service regulations, the maximum ages for regular reserve officers for various ranks were between 35 to 55 years old. The new law expands this range to between 45 to 60 years old. The old law’s maximum ages for reserve professional and technical officers for various ranks were between 50 to 60 years old. The new law now expands this range to between 50 and 60 years old for senior officers, 55 years old for medium ranks and 45 years old for lower ranks. The new law also requires loyalty to the motherland, the Communist Party, and the socialist system.

Source: NewTalk, February 8, 2023