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US-China Relations

VOA Chinese: In 2017, Mainland China Supplied the Most Counterfeit Goods to the U.S.

Voice of America (VOA) Chinese recently reported that, according to the U.S. Customs and the U.S. Border Protection Agency (BPA), the number of import seizures increased from 31,560 in 2016 to 34,134 in 2017. Most of the counterfeits were jewelry; the second largest number consisted of bags and wallets, followed by consumer electronics. Including all imported counterfeit items, the Chinese Mainland had a share of 46 percent, followed by Hong Kong’s 32 percent. Of all those supplying counterfeit goods to the United States, Mainland China remains the largest. In 2017, the U.S. imported goods that violated intellectual property rights increased by eight percent overall. The U.S. authorities arrested 475 people last year and filed 288 legal cases.

Source: VOA Chinese, March 9, 2018

China Review News: The U.S. Strategy on China Has Changed from Cooperation to Containment

China Review News, China’s state-sponsored media in Hong Kong, published an article stating that Trump clearly explained the Trump administration’s position on China in the economic field in his State of the Union address and in the U.S. National Security Strategy adopted in December 2017. He said that the U.S. strategy on China has changed from cooperation to containment.

The article compared Trump’s speech to former U.S. presidents’ remarks and previously issued U.S. documents pertaining to U.S. China policies. The article said, “The national security strategy that President Barack Obama approved in 2015 highly praised ‘unprecedented cooperation’ with China and called China a ‘strategic partner.’” (However), “the new U.S. national security strategy has, for the first time, listed economic cooperation and development issues as the core issue of ensuring national security. It characterizes the economic relations with China as one of the U.S.’s major security threats as well as a current challenge of ‘the global order that the Western powers established after the Second World War.’”

The article concluded, “U.S. policy toward China has turned a corner: Washington has shifted from a policy of trying to change China’s political system via cooperation to a ‘containment’ policy. The impending ‘trade war’ is only the first stage of a war of ideals. (We) hope Beijing can have enough wisdom (to deal with it).”

The article has been republished in many popular online based Chinese news media including People’s Daily (overseas edition), Sina, and others.

1. China Review News (CRN), March 6, 2018
2. Sina, March 7, 2018

China Promotes Confucius Institutes to Serve Its Diplomacy in Major Countries

On the afternoon of January 23, Xi Jinping, leader of the leading group for deepening the overall reform of the central government, presided over the second meeting of the leading group and delivered an important speech. The meeting passed a number of “resolutions,” or “documents.” One of them was, “Guiding Opinions on Promoting the Reform and Development of Confucius Institutes.”

The resolution pointed out that the promotion of the reform and development of Confucius Institutes should center on the building of a powerful socialist country with Chinese characteristics, serving China’s major powers diplomacy with Chinese characteristics, deepening the reform and innovation, improving the institutional mechanisms, optimizing the distribution structure, strengthening the building efforts, and improving the quality of education, so as to let the (Confucius Institutes) become an important force of communication between China and foreign countries.

Source:  People’s Daily, January 23, 2018

Duowei: China’s State Media Comments on U.S. Sanctions Proposal against North Korea

Duowei reported that, after the U.S. Treasury Department recently announced its program to institute, “the largest sanctions against the DPRK in history,” the Chinese government media (Xinhua) published an article commenting that the sanctions that the United States imposed are inappropriate and that the United States has the aim of safeguarding Washington’s dominance over the Korean Peninsula issue. However, the unilateral strengthening of sanctions will only make the situation more complicated and cause negative effects.

This is the (Xinhua) issue: The article, entitled “The Heaviest Sanctions in History, which the United States Imposed, Are Not Appropriate,” points out that since the start of this year, North Korea and South Korea have taken the opportunity of the Pyeongchang Winter Olympics to resume a dialogue, to seek cooperation; as a result the situation has seen a rare easing. However, the “long-arm” sanctions that the United States has imposed, have shown the U.S.’s always arrogant attitude and have also shown how the United States is playing an inharmonious and destructive role. The article mentions that it is incontrovertible that Washington’s intensification of sanctions on the ebb of the peninsula tensions will have a negative effect on the situation on the peninsula. Strengthening sanctions is inconsistent with the UN Security Council’s resolution to promote the fundamental spirit of peace talks and cannot close the differences between the two countries as a prerequisite for dialogue and appeal. The commentary pointed out: Not only does North Korea not accept the aggressive posture of the United States, but it also will not solve any substantive issue.

Source: Duowei, February 24, 2018

Global Times: The U.S. Blocked China’s Acquisition of U.S. Company again

Global Times recently reported that the U.S. Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS) once again blocked the deal for China’s Hubei Xinyan Investments to acquire the U.S. semiconductor test equipment vendor Xcerra. It seems the U.S. government continues to worry about Chinese companies. CFIUS blocked the US$580 million acquisition on the basis of the funding sources being “supported by the Chinese government.” Hubei Xinyan reached the merger agreement with Xcerra in April 2017. Now Xcerra, headquartered in the state of Massachusetts, has ended the agreement following the CFUIS rejection. Xcerra’s CEO told the media that his company tried its best to obtain the approval but “apparently” the Committee did not intend to give the green light. Last September, CFIUS also rejected a $1.3 billion Chinese acquisition deal in the semiconductor industry. The CFIUS approval process has been getting slower and more and more Chinese investment projects are on hold.

Source: Global Times, February 23, 2018

CNA: Florida University Discontinued Contract with Confucius Institute

Primary Taiwanese news agency CNA (The Central News Agency) recently reported that the University of West Florida just released a statement that it would discontinue its contract with China’s Confucius Institute in May when the contract expires. The spokesperson for the university said the school made the decision last fall. The decision was based on a formal review that the university had done. The review process did not receive sufficient positive feedback from the student body. The university has informed its Chinese partners of the decision. Dr. Joseph Nye, former Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs, former Chairman of the National Intelligence Council, and former Dean of the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University, who initially introduced the concept of “Soft Power,” recently expressed his belief that the Confucius Institute interfered with academic freedom. Chinese President Xi Jinping pointed out in a conference not long ago in January that the Confucius Institute should, “serve the purpose of strengthening national power with the socialist culture and serve the mission of establishing a powerful diplomacy with Chinese characteristics.”

Source: CNA, February 7, 2018

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