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Government/Politics - 2. page

Zhou Yongkang’s Daughter-in-law Complained about the CCP’s Human Rights Violations

Zhou Yongkang is China’s former  security Czar. He ruled the country using a brutal police control system. During his time, many human rights violations and many tragedies occurred. In 2014, Xi Jinping took him down on corruption charges because of his failed plot to overthrow Xi. His son, Zhou Bin, was also arrested on corruption charges.

Recently, Zhou Bin’s wife, Huang Wan, sent two tweets stating that she had not seen her husband for two months and reflected on the harm that Zhou and the communist regime inflicted on the Chinese people.

On January 31, Huang tweeted, “I have not seen my husband for two months. Here (in China), there are too many women who cannot see their husbands: human rights defenders, attorneys, businessmen, or officials. … The Chinese New Year is coming, but I cannot see my husband. Is he safe? Is he still alive? I don’t know. Some people have threatened me that it will not be good for me if I speak out. Ha-ha! My husband is Zhou Bin. His father is Zhou Yongkang.”

On February 2, Huang tweeted again, “As a family member of Zhou Yongkang, I want to apologize to all of the people who received unjust treatment during his time. Your journey to defend your rights is very tough (in China). Now I am on a similar journey. I ask all Chinese officials to think: Are your positions higher than Zhou Yongkang? He couldn’t even protect his family. When it is your time (to be purged), will you be able to protect your family? Only the full rule of law can protest every citizen’s rights!”

Source: Radio Free Asia, February 2, 2019
https://www.rfa.org/mandarin/Xinwen/5-02022019125423.html

Duowei News: The Political Danger of Pushing Companies to Establish Communist Party Branches

Duowei News, a pro-Beijing media, published an article commenting on the Chinese Communist Party’s (CCP’s) push for all companies in China to establish party branches. Recently, the CCP published “The Regulations on the Party Branch Work of the CCP (Trial Version).” It required that all businesses (including privately owned and foreign companies), executive offices, social organizations, neighborhood communities, schools, research institutions, and military units must establish party branches.

The article commented that, last year, there was some talk of “eliminating private ownership” in China. Also, China’s economy is sliding downhill, creating a tough environment for mid-level and small privately-owned companies. The South China Morning Post suggested that, for recent private companies, establishing a party branch and company owners’ joining the CCP do not reflect political loyalty but rather the companies’ attempt at self-protection by reducing political risk and showing good will to the authorities.

The article also mentioned that, since 2012, Beijing has carried out a campaign to establish party branches (in all companies in China). Many foreign companies, such as Nokia, Carrefour, Wal-Mart, Standard Chartered Bank (China), PricewaterhouseCoopers, Beijing Hyundai, and Alcatel-Lucent Shanghai Bell Co., all established a party branch. According to the CCP Central Organization Department, by end of 2016, 70 percent of foreign companies in China had a party branch.

The article pointed out that, since the start of the Sino-U.S. trade war, Beijing has faced an extremely challenging task trying to attract foreign investment and restore private companies’ economic vitality. Imposing party branch requirements may have caused more negative publicity and resulted in reduced confidence in doing business in China.

Source: Duowei News, January 28, 2019
http://news.dwnews.com/china/news/2019-01-28/60115317_all.html

Beijing’s Intensified Control over China’s Higher Education

A Duowei News article put together information about the Chinese Communist Party’s (CCP’s) practices of tightened control over the nation’s higher education.

At the beginning of 2019, for the first time, the Chinese media reported a case of the CCP Central Disciplinary Committee intervening in the personnel appointment at a Chinese university. Observers believe that this is a new signal that the CCP is strengthening its discipline and supervision of its universities. Days later, at a Provincial and Ministerial Leadership Seminar on January 21, 2019, Xi Jinping emphasized ideological risk when talking about the “seven major risks.” The two incidents point to the same group in the population – China’s youth. The article gave a list of CCP actions at China’s universities.

In April 2013, the CCP General Office’s “No. 9 Document,” or Bulletin on Current Ideological Situations, issued a warning that there was an ideological crisis in China’s higher education system.

On August 19, 2013, the China National Propaganda and Ideological Work Conference identified Chinese universities as “important areas and as having forefront positions in ideology.”

In October 2014, the CCP General Office issued a document that Chinese universities should “adhere to the core leadership position of the Party committee” and that “the Party committee has the overall leadership of the school’s work.”

In June 2017, the CCP Central Committee inspection teams pointed out problems that existed in 14 Centrally Controlled Universities (CCU’s) including Peking University and Tsinghua University. The problems are that “the Party’s leadership has weakened” and that “the core role of the Party committee is not fully functional.” The Central Committee demanded that a comprehensive rectification occur in order to correct all the universities.

In August 2018, it was reported that the Chinese-foreign joint venture universities would be required to set up a Party branch.

In China the CCP Central Committee directly manages a group of 31 so-called Centrally Controlled Universities (CCUs), or colleges and universities.  The CCU’s party secretary and president are directly appointed by the CCP Central Committee, instead of the Ministry of Education, and rank at the deputy minister level. It is generally believed that the 31 CCU’s are the top universities in China, including Tsinghua University and Peking University.

Source: Duowei News, February 1, 2019
http://news.dwnews.com/china/news/2019-02-01/60116265.html

BBC Chinese: The CCP Faces Nine Challenges to Its Political Security

BBC Chinese recently reported that, entering the year 2019, the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) is steering into high political risk zones. The article summarized these critical risks using nine points. The top challenge is the reduced economic growth, which is on the borderline of the “tipping point.” The second risk lies in the rapidly expanding gap between the rich and the poor population. The growing and stubborn powerful and special interest groups  present the third challenge. That risk is followed with failing rural villages as well as more and more homeless people in the city. The fifth challenge is a society that is, considering several different standards, highly divided. The sixth challenge is that the Internet brings everyday citizens a new political landscape. Tension among ethnic groups in China is now at a dangerous level, so the seventh risk is now quickly becoming a risk that will split the nation’s unity. On the eighth note, widespread corruption is everywhere and more and more people are losing faith in the ruling party. Finally, China’s geopolitical situation has worsened a lot in the past few years. The international pressure has transformed and affected the domestic political environment. All these risks interact with one another and are forming serious challenges for the administration.

Source: BBC Chinese, January 31, 2019
https://www.bbc.com/zhongwen/simp/chinese-news-47079653

CNA: Hong Kong Working on Law with Potential Three Years in Prison for Insulting China’s National Anthem

Central News Agency (CNA) of Taiwan reported that the Hong Kong government is working on a draft law for the National Anthem. A person will face a maximum of three years in prison and a HK$50,000 (US$6,500) fine if he shows disrespect  for China’s national anthem.

The new law also requires that all students in Hong Kong must learn the Chinese national anthem, its history, and its spirit.

The Economists reported that, though Hong Kong was handed over to Beijing in 1997, Hong Kong soccer fans have maintained a tradition of making noises when China’s national anthem is played in the field. Some fans wave the flag of the Hong Kong Special Administration Region (instead of China’s flag), and some even wave the Hong Kong flag from the era when it was under the U.K.’s control.

Currently, Beijing influences the Hong Kong government. Beijing is happy to see that the Hong Kong government is working on this law.

CNA warned that the Chinese Communist Party’s (CCP’s) promise cannot be trusted. Its “one country, two systems” policy means “one country under one party’s rule and two systems with one system dominating the other one.” “Hong Kong’s national anthem law is a warning to Taiwan of its possible future (if Taiwan chooses to unite under the CCP).”

Source: CNA, January 24, 2019
https://www.cna.com.tw/news/acn/201901240132.aspx