In the June 2018 issue of China’s Human Resources and Social Security magazine, Zhou Tianyong, a government scholar at The Institute for International Strategic Studies of the Chinese Communist Party’s Central Party School, published an article titled, “It is Imperative to remove birth control requirements completely.” The magazine is a publication of the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security.
“As data that the National Bureau of Statistics released demonstrates, China’s population is facing an increasingly serious situation. The trend can be summarized by three declines, one rise, and one contraction.” As it continued, the article stated, “The first decline is the drop in the birth rate. In 2017 the national birth rate was 12.43 (births per year per 1,000 of population). The number was 12.95 in 2016. The second decline is the decline in the population of newly born babies. The number in 2017 was 630,000 less than in 2016. This is the equivalent of 4 percent fewer newborn babies. The third decline is the decline in fertility. In 2016, China’s fertility rate was only 1.24; the fertility rate in 2017 may be around 1.2.”
According to the article, “One rise refers to an increase in the aging population. In 2017, the population of the country’s population aged 60 and above was 240.9 million, accounting for 17.3 percent of the total population. Of those, 158.31 million were 65 and older, or 11.4 of the population. The population of both 60-plus and 65-plus years-of-age increased by 0.6 percentage points over the previous year.”
“One contraction means that the economically active population continues to shrink. China’s working-age population has continued to decline in proportion of the total population. The working-age population of people in 2017 who were aged between 16 and 59 was 901.99 million, accounting for 64.9 percent of the total population. In 2016, the number was 907.47 million, accounting for 65.6 percent of the total population.”
“Because of the combined effects of the above factors, the current population of China has formed a pattern of an accelerated decline of the birthrate, an increase in the population of the aging, and a shrinkage in the economically active population. The prospects are not optimistic.” “The reasons for this include difficulty in getting a job, the high cost of education, medical care, and housing, as well as the low supply of nurseries and kindergartens. They are important reasons for couples of childbearing age not to consider a second child.”
“In the next five years, with the youth population being reduced by about 30 million, China is likely to show a fast trend of an aging population, even faster than countries such as Japan, South Korea, and Taiwan. The aging of the economy will further put pressure on economic growth, and add to the burden that pensions create on the fiscal and financial systems.”
“It is Imperative to stop birth control completely.”
Source: The Paper, July 21, 2018