On May 12, 2011, China’s central bank, the People’s Bank of China, decided to increase the deposit reserve ratio another half percent. It was the fifth increase this year. It is believed to be a signal that decision makers are determined to fight inflation and excess liquidity. The announcement came after the State Statistics Bureau and the central bank published April’s economic and financial data. While economists believe this is a gesture to combat high inflation, they fear that inflation will remain high in the foreseeable future. This recent hike in the ratio is able to freeze 370 billion yuan and is considered a way to tighten liquidity. Experts believe there is a downside risk on both the real estate market and the real economy in terms of the cost of loans. Since 2008, the central bank has increased the ratio 17 times.
Source: Xinhua, May 12, 2011