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Several Government Documents on DPRK Refugee Policy

Editor’s Note: the Epoch Times’ series of articles, starting on June 12, told stories of North Korea refugees who came to China because of hunger or survival, including women and children. While some women had children while living with Chinese citizens, without the benefit of marriage, they are still considered illegal immigrants. At the end of one article, several government documents on China’s North Korean refugee policy were attached. As authorized by the Epoch Times, the full translation of four of them is provided below. [1]

On Treatment Of Illegal Immigrants From Democratic People’s Republic Of Korea

To all levels of governments and their agencies:

This is to inform you of our decision regarding the treatment of illegal immigrants from North Korea, and their offspring with Chinese citizens when they were not married. Please act in accordance with the following stipulations.

1. Treat all illegal immigrants according to their original nationality, not as Chinese citizens. You are not permitted to provide them with residency registeration or issue a resident identification card.

2. Treat all offspring from the relationships between illegal immigrants and Chinese citizens that are not by legal marriage as non-Chinese aliens. You are not permitted to provide them with residency registeration or issue a resident identification card.

3. No illegal immigrants’ offspring, if not by legal marriage, can enjoy the same benefits as citizens; such as kindergarten, attending schools, medical care, employment/labor insurance, social welfare, etc.

4. All illegal immigrants and their offspring not by legal marriage are not permitted to register for marriage in China.

5. All governmental agencies should work together with the police and border patrols to deport all illegal immigrants

November 16, 2003
Government of Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture, Jilin Province

Court Case Informational Bulletin

Due to a large influx of North Korean Refugees into our city, the illegal living-together situation between male citizens and Northern Korean female illegal immigrants is getting worse.

In 2003 alone, court cases concluded by all courts in the city that involved citizens illegally living together with North Korean females reached 6,341 cases. There were 19 criminal cases involving either homicide or suicide relating to those family cases, and 26 Chinese citizens were punished for bigamy.

At present, the occurrence of having North Korean mistresses has flourished to an unprecedented level leading to corruption of the family and social stability. This is contributing to a series of complicated social problems because of the increased number of mixed blood offspring in the city.

It is our hope that all level of governments and their agencies should take this matter seriously, and work together to resolve this issue with cooperation from society as a whole.

TO: Provincial Supreme Court
      City Political & Regulatory Committee Members
      All Lower Courts

With A Copy To:
      City Police Department
      City Civil Administration Department
      City Women’s Association

January 15, 2004
People’s Court of Changchun City, Jilin Province

On Financial Difficulties Dealing with North Korean Refugees

To the Provincial Finance Department:

North Korean refugees have been moving into this area in large numbers since the mid-90’s. According to statistics from the police, border patrols and civil affairs department, the number of refugees still in our area has exceeded 93,000.

We have set up 6 new detention camps for refugee deportation in recent years to accommodate this need. Last year alone we spent over 26 million yuan, which is still not enough to provide the space required. Refugees were detained with no place to put them. The cost of providing food, clothing and transportation for these refugees last year exceeded 10 million yuan and it’s continuing to grow at an annual rate higher than 30%.

Providing funds to cover these two expense items has created a tremendous amount of pressure on our balancing the budget. We are hereby making a special request to the provincial finance department for an annual appropriation of 30 million yuan to be used specifically for this purpose only.

October 19, 2004
Bureau of Finance
Government of Yanbian Korean Self-Governing District of Jilin Province

Status Bulletin Regarding North Korean Refugees

There has been a steady increase of North Korean citizens crossing the border and staying illegally in China since 1983, due to the food shortage crisis in North Korea over the last 21 years. There have been 6 occurrences in which the number of refugees illegally crossing the border exceeded 10,000 people.

To enforce the central authorities’ instructions to block and expel the illegal immigrants entering our borders from North Korea, all police departments increased their operations and, as of the end of 2004, had deported 133,009 people back to North Korea. This is very significant in upholding social stability in China, and the improving the relationship between the two countries.

Due to the complicated international environment, insufficient determination and numerous other reasons, the effort to complete this task has become increasingly difficult. It is estimated that there are close to 400,000 North Korean illegal immigrants staying in China. The influx of this large number of illegal immigrants has not completely stopped.

It should be noted that these people mostly came because of hunger and survival. Only a few came because of political motives. Therefore, it is imperative that we increase the effort to block and expel illegal immigrants. Yet we must be very careful not to exceed the limits of this policy and give rise to any interference from international opposition. We should all strive to reduce, in the short term, and eventually eliminate the existence of illegal immigrants.

March 15, 2005
Border Patrol Bureau
Ministry of Public Security
The People’s Republic of China

[1] The Epoch Times, June 12, 2009