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Ministry of Public Security to Implement eID Reform

People’s Daily recently reported that the Ministry of Public Security intends to use eID on bank cards and cell phone SIM cards so the users can conduct online shopping without providing personal information such as name, address, telephone, or residence ID number. The first eID will be implemented in the registration of real estate transactions in Haikou city in October. The article stated that the eID will prevent the theft of personal information. It reported that there were 6.5 billion occurrences of personal information theft in China in 2016, which means that each resident had their personal information leaked at least five times. An article that pao-pao.net carried in 2015 noted that even though eID technology is mature and can be applied in banking, shipping and online shopping areas, eID also provided real time supervision of online activity on each individual. A regular Chinese citizen is unable to differentiate the personal use of eID versus how the Ministry of Public Security uses the information. The article pointed out that, “No other countries in the world use eID in the banking industry because they face the barrier of how to protect their citizen’s personal interests, but that this does not appear to be an issue in China.”

Sources:
1. People’s Daily, September 24, 2017
http://society.people.com.cn/n1/2017/0924/c1008-29554848.html
2. Pao Pao Net, March 26, 2015
https://pao-pao.net/article/402

Copyright Battle between Sina and Netizens

Sina is a major Internet portal in China. Sina Weibo is a microblog social network, with more than 500 million users and millions of posts per day. Based on active users, it claims 56.5 percent of the Chinese microblogging market.

Recently, Sina tried to claim exclusive copyrights for all contents posted on Sina Weibo. The public fiercely rejected its claim, so eventually Sina conceded the copyrights to the microblog’s author.

Sina’s first announcement stated that, “Sina has the exclusive copyright over the contents that its users publish on Sina Weibo; Sina Weibo users authorize Sina Weibo, for free, to protect copyrights. The proceeds from the protection of these copyrights belongs solely to the Weibo platform; the user actively agrees to support Weibo‘s platform to exercise its rights and to provide related proving documents and support.’”

After the public’s outcry, Sina issued its second version of the announcement and modified the two articles that caused the public debate: “(Sina Weibo) users can legally use the contents over which they have the absolute intellectual properties’ right including the copyright, but retrieving contents published on the Weibo platform without the joint approval of the user and the Weibo platform is an act of unfair competition.”

It still met with the public’s rejection.

Sina then issued its third version: “The copyright of the contents published on Weibo for sure belongs to the author of the contents. Weibo, as a platform, has certain usage rights. The Weibo user can publish his own contents on other platforms at his own will. However, without the Weibo platform’s agreement, (the user’s) self-authorizing, allowing, or assisting a third party to retrieve published content on Weibo is not permitted.”

Source: Jiansu Toutiao, September 17, 2017
http://www.jiangsutoutiao.com/a/170917144740391-4.html

Xinhua: Third Generation Beidou Global Positioning Will Offer Global Coverage

Xinhua recently reported that China’s state-owned AllyStar Technology just announced it had completed its development of the third-generation chip for Beidou, the Chinese global positioning system. The new chip has full Chinese ownership of its intellectual properties. It enables high precision on the below-meter level for global positioning. The Beidou network does not have global coverage. China plans to launch four new Beidou-3 satellites this year. The project aims to establish global coverage by the year 2020 to compete with other systems such as the U.S. GPS system. The newly delivered chip moves this plan one major step forward towards reality.

Source: Xinhua, September 16, 2017
http://news.xinhuanet.com/2017-09/16/c_1121674165.htm

Beijing Enforces Real-Name Registration on the Internet

According to new rules that the Cyberspace Administration of China (CAC), the country’s highest Internet regulator, recently announced, starting on October 1, 2017, only users who have provided their identity information will be able to post online content or comments on the Internet. Radio France Internationale (RFI) reported on August 26 that the new rules aim to prevent the spread of views the state bans or which the law prohibits, that the circulation of such information has to be stopped immediately, and that measures must be taken for its removal.

The CAC website explicitly required that website operators will have to review comments on news stories before they can appear online. At the top of the CAC’s list of harmful information are: endangering national security, revealing state secrets, subverting state power, damaging national honor and interests, undermining national unity, spreading rumors or disrupting the social order.

On August 29, China’s state media Global Times published an article to defend the above provision. The article said, “Without real name authentication, one cannot function on the Internet.” The article also claimed that the vast majority of the people had widely accepted real name certification.

An analysis published at a Shanghai-based news and finance web portal, jiemian.com, expressed the expectation that online promotional activities will be curtailed. In recent years, online public relations companies have hired paid commentators to promote products. Some well-connected public relations companies even offer services to remove web pages that contain negative consumer reviews. CAC’s new regulation prevents commercial operations from generating massive favorable comments or from selectively removing unfavorable comments.

Sources:
1. jiemian.com, August 31, 2017
http://www.jiemian.com/article/1591415.html
2. Radio France Internationale, August 26, 2017
http://cn.rfi.fr/中国/20170826-大陆网民发表意见十月开始需用实名
3. http://opinion.huanqiu.com/editorial/2017-08/11188623.html
4. Cyberspace Administration of China website, August 25, 2017
http://www.cac.gov.cn/2017-08/25/c_1121541844.htm

RFA: Over 2.65 Million Haigui in 2016 and the Number Is Expected to Grow in 2017

RFA published an article stating that, according to a research paper that the CCG (Center for China and Globalization) published, which was about jobs and entrepreneurship for Haigui, (Haigui refers to students who return to China after studying abroad), by the end of 2016, the number of Haigui exceeded 2.65 million. It is expected that the number will grow in 2017. Over half of Haigui believe they can recover the cost of their overseas education within five years. IT, telecommunications, electronics, and the Internet in the private business sector are the fields that most attract the Haigui. Haigui prefer technology, renovation, and the service industry in second tier cities to pursue startup business opportunities.

Source: Radio Free Asia, August 13, 2017
http://www.rfa.org/mandarin/Xinwen/7-08132017152156.html

Amazon Stopped Selling Its Most Popular Smartphone

Chinese online technology news site EN News recently reported that Amazon stopped selling BLU branded smartphones on its U.S. online store after an online security company Kryptowire revealed, at the recent BlackHat information security conference, that the smartphone has spyware secretly collecting sensitive user information and sending it to China. The BLU smartphone has been the top seller on Amazon’s online store. It runs pre-installed software that a Chinese company named Adups makes. Adups is headquartered in Shanghai. Amazon confirmed the issue. Adups was found last October to have the same problem and apologized with a promise to fix the “mistake.” However, once again the spyware was discovered on another smartphone model of the same brand. {Editor’s note: Adups spyware was reportedly found on many other smartphones priced below US$300.}

Source: EN News, August 1, 2017
http://www.ennews.com/article-7487-1.html

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