August 1, 2007, marked the 80th anniversary of the founding of the People’s Liberation Army of China. Chinese military leaders re-iterated allegiance to the Communist Party and rebutted attempts to "nationalize its military forces." However, voices from inside the Chinese military itself are gathering momentum, calling for nationalization of the armed forces and denouncing allegiance to the Communist Party.
Effective September 15, 2007, the Beijing municipal government will implement a new regulation that boosts national defense education among its residents. Government entities, the media, schools and residents’ groups are also required to provide national defense education. Scores of national defense education courses must be included in the student curriculum in high schools and colleges.
Recently Taiwan’s Democratic Progressive Party promoted a referendum on membership in the UN, to take place in the spring. The CCP’s Central Committee regard this as stepping over the line regarding the CCP’s "Anti-Secession Law." The CCP General Secretary and Chair of the People’s Liberation Army (PLA), Hu Jingtao, emphasized in an internal meeting of the CCP that the sole work of the PLA is to fight Taiwan. This is the first time Hu clearly raised such a proposal in a CCP internal meeting. 
Huang Qiang, secretary-general of the Commission of Science Technology and Industry for National Defense, revealed on January 7, 2008, that China plans to launch 15 rockets, 17 satellites and its third manned mission in 2008. The launch of Shenzhou VII in October will include a space walk; it wil initiate a joint effort with Russia to explore Mars in 2009. The agreement between China and Russia was signed on June 27, 2007.
Source: Southcn.com, January 8, 2008
In its January issue, the Mirror Monthly (Hong Kong) published an article titled, “China’s National Defense Adopts an All New Policy Of ‘Empower the Nation and Build Up the Military.’” The article reports the speculation about the “China threat theory.” It states that the Chinese military has ended its era of “endurance,” in which it let economic growth take the precedence. Thus military growth is naturally the next step. It is in line with the direction given by Hu Jintao in his report delivered at the Seventeenth National Congress of the Chinese Communist Party to “grow the nation and military together.” The article used the GDP growth rate as the benchmark to justify the increase in military spending. It claimed that the military spending increase is far from meeting the existing demand and the western world ought to expect a larger increase in the future and shouldn’t be alarmed.
Source: Military China, January 8, 2008
On Monday, January 7, 2008, in Beijing, Singapore and China signed a bilateral agreement on defense exchanges and security cooperation, formalizing on-going activities between Singapore’s Ministry of Defense (MINDEF) and the People’s Liberation Army (PLA). MINDEF says that it “marks a significant milestone in Singapore’s bilateral defense relationship and is a testament to the growing defense ties between Singapore and China.” The new agreement, written by Permanent Secretary for Defense Chiang Chie Foo and PLA’s Deputy Chief of Staff, Lieutenant General (LG) Ma Xiaotian, also includes new areas of cooperation such as Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief. The deal was signed at the end of the inaugural China-Singapore Defense Policy Dialogue (DPD).
Source: Central News Agency, January, 7, 2008