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Chinese Scholar on Letting the Market Determine Interest Rates

Economic Information recently interviewed Wang Guogang, the Dean of the Institute of Finance and Banking at the Chinese Academy of Social Science (CASS). During the interview Wang explained, “For a long time, (China) has mainly used the administrative mechanism to regulate the market and has become an expert in using the administrative mechanism, but the end result is that (China’s economy) has been drifting further and further away from a market economy.”

In early January, China’s National Conference on Financial Work called for pushing forward on reform of the market-controlled interest rate or a more complicated interest rate establishment mechanism. Wang believes that reducing and weakening administrative factors, such as the government’s control of policy, is a pre-condition, which cannot be circumvented, for these reforms to occur.

Wang stated that the bottom line for the government’s regulatory body is not to let any financial institute go bankrupt. He asked, “In this way, how can we weed out the weak ones? Where’s the competition? Where’s the innovation? Where’s the development?” Wang also pointed out that currently both the government and the public keep their foreign currency as a reserve. Wang advocated that the government should open channels to export capital overseas in the form of financial loans or manufacturing funds, to form an RMB exchange market.

Source: CASS website, January 19, 2012