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Xinhua: Chinese Scholar on Three New Characteristics of the U.S.’ China Policy

Su Xiaohui, Deputy Director of the American Research Institute at the China Institute of International Studies, delivered a keynote speech via video at Xinhua News Agency’s 14th “Discussing World Affairs” International Symposium on January 9, 2024. Su believes that the U.S. continues to view China as its “primary competitor” and “the most significant geopolitical challenge [facing the U.S].” According to Su, the U.S.’ recent policy on China exhibits three new characteristics:

  • Firstly, U.S. policy on China “has been forced to return to some degree of rationality.” Su suggests that “in 2023, the U.S. gained a clearer understanding of China, realizing that it cannot easily suppress or defeat China and that it thus must accept ‘peaceful coexistence.'” Also, “the U.S. recognizes that the China-U.S. relationship not only affects the two nations in question but also influences the overall international situation. The international community hopes for overall stability in the relations between these two major powers, and that relations [between the powers] will not get out of control.”
  • Secondly, the U.S. “has recognized the necessity of cooperation with China.”
  • Thirdly, U.S. policy is now along the lines of “contain China while engaging with China.” Su said that U.S. pressure on China is now “done via provocations through various means and on various levels,” and that in competing with China “the U.S. aims to precision-strike China while reducing the blowback on itself.”

Su also mentioned that China should “be cautious of U.S. attempts to use intergovernmental communication mechanisms for its own benefits or for fostering strategic competition. The U.S. believes that, by communicating with China about arms control, it can pull China into certain arms control treaties and thereby impose restrictions on China. This would enable the U.S. to ‘win without fighting.’ But China should not allow the U.S. to weaken it via such a low-cost approach.”

Source: Xinhua, January 12, 2024