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Briefings - 2. page

Survey Shows Most of the Hong Kong Protesters Are Young and Well Educated

The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Lingnan University, the Hang Seng University of Hong Kong, and Hong Kong Baptist University conducted a study called the “Onsite Survey Findings in Hong Kong’s Anti-Extradition Bill Protests.” The study was published on August 12.

Researchers from the four universities surveyed participants who had been in 12 demonstrations between June 9 and August 4 and found that 54 percent were men and 46 percent were women. These demonstrations included large-scale gatherings, as well as “fluid” and “static” demonstrations. Overall, 77 percent of the 6,688 respondents indicated that they had received a higher level of education and 21 percent had received a secondary education (that is, a high school education). Among the protesters, the proportion of people between 20 and 29 years old was as high as 49 percent, compared to 19 percent who were between 30 and 39. Only 11 percent were under 20 years of age and 16 percent were 40 and above. Half of those who responded (that is, 50 percent) considered themselves to be middle class, while 41 percent considered themselves to be “grassroots commoners.”

When asked why they participated in the demonstration, 87 percent said that they demanded that the Hong Kong SAR government withdraw the Extradition Bill amendments; 95 percent were dissatisfied with the way the police handled the protests, and 92 percent asked for the establishment of an independent investigation committee (to investigate the police and other actions).

Source: Central News Agency, August 14, 2019
https://www.cna.com.tw/news/acn/201908140361.aspx

Chinese Investment in Germany Down by 95 Percent

According to the German Focus, a weekly magazine, Chinese companies have greatly reduced their investment in Europe. Investment in Germany has even down by 95 percent.

According to a study that the consulting firm Ernst & Young published in the first half of 2019, Chinese investments in Europe were only US$2.4 billion, or 2.1 billion euros. That represents an 80 percent drop from the same period last year. Although Chinese companies bought the shares of or acquired 81 European companies, most of them were small size investments.

China does not even have a large-scale M&A in Germany. Chinese investment in Germany was only US$0.5 billion in the first half of 2019. In 2018, the total Chinese investment was US$10 billion. This is the equivalent of a reduction of 95 percent. The consulting firm believed that the main reason for the decline was the suspicion and caution toward Chinese companies in Europe and the impact of the US-China trade war on the Chinese economy. 2016 was a record year, with Chinese investment of more than $85 billion in EU countries.

Source: Radio France International, August 12, 2019
http://rfi.my/4NQh.T

Epoch Times: CCTV Fabricated a Picture of a Petrol Bomb Burning

On August 13, Epoch Times published an article stating that, according to CCTV reports, on the evening of the 11th, “the mobs threw petrol bombs at the police station on W Tai Nan Street in Sham Shui Po, Hong Kong, causing multiple burns to a policeman.” CCTV then provided a picture that was vague and that had extremely low resolution.

Hu Xijin, the editor-in-chief of the CCP’s Global Times, posted a live video of a petrol bomb detonation. Hu Xijin said, “The mob escalated the violence and threw petrol bombs; a policeman was burned. This video recorded the moment when the petrol bomb exploded.”

An Epoch Times reporter compared the video and the picture, and found the backgrounds in both were highly identical, including buildings, people at the scene, traffic signs, and the flame on the ground. However, the picture provided by CCTV had a humanoid flame that was not in the video at all. The reporter also asked, “Does the city in the video look like Hon Kong, an international finance center, in any way?”

Source:
Epoch Times, August 13, 2019
http://www.epochtimes.com/gb/19/8/12/n11449050.htm
Comparison of Petrol Bomb Burning Pictures
The video posted by Hu Xijin

“China Experts” Side with Beijing on Hong Kong Protests

China’s mouthpiece Xinhua News Agency has collected viewpoints from “China experts” in a few countries on the movement going on in Hong Kong.

Robert Kuhn, an American investment banker and author of a propaganda book eulogizing former Chinese Communist Party chair Jiang Zemin, said, “The extreme behavior of the protesters has caused the shutdown of the airport and has caused flights to be cancelled. No country would allow this to happen. The continuation of the riots in Hong Kong is unacceptable.”

Michael Borchmann, a former official from Germany’s state of Hesse, “The riots are still going on and are growing. As the situation develops, people will soon discover that it was not about a specific law, but to create chaos and turmoil in Hong Kong. It is time for the Chinese Central Government to convey the important message of stabilizing the current situation in Hong Kong.”

Ignacio Martínez Cortés, a professor at the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (National Autonomous University of Mexico, UNAM), said, “The extended violent protests by the opposition and radical forces in Hong Kong have hindered the normal operation of the local economy, affected people’s lives, and undermined Hong Kong’s international image.”

Sudheendra Kulkarni, an Indian politician and columnist, hopes “that young people in Hong Kong who are bewildered by external forces will wake up as soon as possible, and that the chaos in Hong Kong will calm down as soon as possible so as to save hope for Hong Kong’s tomorrow.”

Others named in the report include Katalina Barreiro, an expert on international relations at Ecuador’s Institute of Advanced National Studies, Stephen Ndegwa, a Kenya scholar, and Hassan al-Saouri, a political science professor at Al Neelain University.

Source: Xinhua, August 14, 2019
http://www.xinhuanet.com/world/2019-08/14/c_1124876756.htm

Lianhe Zaobao: China Warned India: Don’t Keep Huawei from Expanding in India

Singapore’s primary Chinese language newspaper Lianhe Zaobao recently reported that China has already warned India not to put up any obstacles that would keep Huawei from expanding its business in India. Otherwise the operations of Indian companies in China might suffer the consequences. Indian Minister of Telecommunications Ravi Shankar Prasad said India will start trials to establish 5G mobile networks. However, the country has not decided whether or not Huawei will be invited to participate. In May, U.S. President Trump asked the allies not to use Huawei equipment, citing national security concerns. The Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs met with the Indian Ambassador to China, Vikram Misri, expressing China’s worry over the influence the U.S. decision might have. Neither of the Ministries of Foreign Affairs of China or India responded to the requests for comments on this matter. Compared to other major world economies, India’s business presence in China is minor.

Source: Lianhe Zaobao, August 7, 2019
https://www.zaobao.com.sg/realtime/china/story20190807-978994

The U.S. Expanded Scope of Reviews to Include U.S. Students in China

Well-known Chinese news site Sina recently reported that, after they returned home, the FBI contacted some U.S. students who had graduated from China’s Yenching Academy at Beijing University. The Yenching Academy is an institute mainly for foreign students and around one third are from the United States and Canada. In the past two years, U.S. law enforcement agencies investigated five of the students, asking about their experience with Yenching Academy. Two students from West Point were not allowed to attend Yenching, although Yenching had accepted them. The FBI may be concerned about these scholars receiving Chinese financial sponsorship as they may be asked to help steal U.S. intellectual properties. The previous U.S. administration supported Yenching Academy and Tsinghua University’s Schwarzman Scholars program. Heather K. Gerken, Dean of the Yale Law School, expressed her serious concern about the FBI’s reviews and activities.

Source: Sina, August 9, 2019
http://dailynews.sina.com/gb/international/phoenixtv/2019-08-09/doc-ifzmwyte5774481.shtml