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Geo-Strategic Trend - 139. page

International Herald: U.S. Didn’t Expect a Color Change in Iran

The International Herald, a newspaper under the Xinhua News Agency, published an article on June 22 stating that U.S. didn’t have much hope for a “Green Revolution” in Iran in the first place. “Was the U.S. tired of the games of changing ‘colors’ for other countries? Of course not. The U.S. has other reasons for not starting a ‘Green Revolution’ in Iran.”

First, “Washington has been fully retreating from the Middle East.” “Under the strategy of avoiding conflict and seeking peace, the U.S. would not rashly test the waters in Iran.” “Second, even if Obama wanted to change the color in Iran, he couldn’t make it happen” because “U.S. has no agents in Iran” and “of course, the empty wallet is another reason.” “Third, there is no reason for the U.S. to have confidence in Mousavi and his ‘reformists.’” “The last reason is a conspiracy theory. Actually the U.S. needs Ahmadinejad more than Mousavi … because the U.S. needs an enemy in the Middle East. Where can it find a ‘better’ enemy than Ahmadinejad?”

Source: International Herald, June 22, 2009
http://news.xinhuanet.com/herald/2009-06/22/content_11580320.htm

Outlook Weekly: Reflections on the Korean Peninsula

Outlook Weekly, in the 23rd issue of 2009, published an article by Zhu Kechuan, a researcher in Xinhua Research Center for World Affairs, regarding the current situation of the Korean Peninsula. It criticized the U.S., Japan, and South Korea’s approach to North Korea. Zhu argued that right now, the U.S. is falling into the mire of financial crisis and is also facing the hard-to-clean mess of Iraq and Afghanistan. "The U.S. government should think about that; it is not an easy thing to use hegemonism to ‘fix’ another country no matter how big or small and how rich or poor that country is." Zhu also stated, "Japan should also be clear: You can’t cheat the world to wash off the historical responsibility for Korea or take this opportunity to break through the constraint of ‘Peace Constitution’…South Korea should reflect too: What benefits do the government and people get from its changing the policy of national reconciliation since last year?"

Though China is always a strong backer of North Korea, the article also criticized North Korea: "What is the best way to achieve the dream of a ‘strong big country?’ Using ‘super-tough’ to respond to other countries’ ‘tough’ will get North Korea nowhere. Nuclear weapons can indeed scare people, but they still failed to prevent the collapse of the Soviet Union."

Source: Outlook Weekly, 23 rd issue of 2009
http://lw.xinhuanet.com/htm/content_4768.htm

China Concludes $4.7 billion Oil Deal with Iran

The International Herald Leader under Xinhua reported an Iranian government release that China National Petroleum Corp. (CNPC) and Iran had signed a $4.7 billion dollar contract on June 3 for the upstream development of phase 11 of the South Pars natural gas field. “The aim in implementing the project will be to produce 50 million cubic meters a day of natural gas and other products.” The implementation will begin in three months. Xinhua states that the agreement with CNPC was in response to the French oil company Total’s delays in finalizing negotiations. “Deputy Oil Minister for Production Affairs Seyfollah Jashnsaz expressed that the concluding the agreement fully demonstrates that the sanctions the West has imposed on the Iranian oil and gas industry has failed and has no effect.”

Source: Xinhua, June 8, 2009
http://news.xinhuanet.com/herald/2009-06/08/content_11506744.htm;
See also Islamic Republic News Agency at
http://www.irna.ir/En/View/FullStory/?NewsId=527336&IdLanguage=3

Study Times: Regionalizing RMB will Promote Asian Economies

On June 1, 2009 the Study Times wrote that China should push Reminbi regionalization starting from border trade settlements and direct investment in neighboring countries. Study Times is the journal of the School of the CCPC. The article believes that this step is the key to Asian economy. In doing so, “China should leverage the existing bilateral currency settlement agreements with Korea, Hong Kong and Malaysia to further deepen and expand RMB cooperation in the region. Moreover, China should take advantage of financial markets in Hong Kong in engaging in RMB offshore business, thus making Hong Kong the hub for distribution of RMB to neighboring countries.”

Source: Study Times, June 1, 2009
http://www.studytimes.com.cn/WebPage/ny1.aspx?act=1&id=2685&nid=9756&bid=4&page=1

Outlook Article: China Should Invest Up To 1,000 Bn Yuan In Africa

According to Outlook Weekly, a Xinhua publication, a Government think tank proposed that China spend 500 to 1, 000 billion yuan of its foreign exchange reserve on Africa. The Director of the Center for Economic Security Studies of China’s Institute of Contemporary International Relations wrote that this funding infusion may be implemented through “direct investment, donations, low or zero interest loans, export financing or the Islamic model of zero interest in exchange for profit sharing.” The proposed primary areas of investment are infrastructure projects, improvement of sanitary conditions, education and manufacturing.

Source: Outlook Weekly, June 1, 2009
http://news.xinhuanet.com/politics/2009-06/01/content_11467829.htm

Adopting a Smart Foreign Diplomacy Strategy

Lianhe Zaobao in Singapore published an article by He Maochun, an International Relations Professor at Tsinghua University. He argued that neither of China’s hard power, soft power, or smart power is strong enough to make it a super power. Thus it should adopt a smart foreign diplomacy strategy to unify internal forces, align neighboring forces, and borrow far-away forces to counter Western countries’ pressure and containment.

He outlined six steps: 1. Develop a Greater China economic zone covering China, Taiwan, Hong Kong, and Macao. 2. Humbly rejuvenate the Great East Asia Chinese culture zone (China, Korea, and Japan). 3. Strengthen the political and economic power of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization. 4. Expand cooperation with the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN) member countries. 5. Steadily move into Africa and Latin America. 6. Using the opportunity of fighting the global financial crisis with Western countries, try to resolve the following issues: stop arms sales to Taiwan; stop supporting the “separatists”; remove the technology and arms embargo for China; stop the “discrimination” against China’s overseas investments and protect the safety of China’s capital.

Source: Lianhe Zaobao, May 28, 2009
http://www.zaobao.com/special/china/sino_us/pages7/sino_us090528a.shtml

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