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Geo-Strategic Trend - 140. page

International Herald Leader: Including the Diaoyu Islands in Diplomatic Discussions

The International Herald Leader published an article by Lin Xiaoguang, a professor at the CCP Central Party School, stating that in the past China has been soft in claiming sovereignty over the Diaoyu Islands (called the Senkaku Islands in Japan), but that it is now time to include its claim in its formal diplomatic agenda with Japan. Lin argued that China’s former strategy of “putting aside disputes and jointly developing” didn’t work. Taking the issue to international court won’t work either. So the best way is to include it in the Sino-Japan East Sea Diplomatic Discussion. This will restrict Japan from taking actual control of the island on its own, and will also avoid the shocking effect on the Sino-Japan relationship from any emergent incident.

Source: International Herald Leader, September 20, 2010

China Signed Oil Refinery Deal with Russia

China and Russia started a joint oil refinery project in Tianjin, China, on September 21. China National Petroleum Corp. owns this project, with a 51% share of the joint venture, and Russia’s OAO Rosneft has a 49% share. The two companies agreed to invest 30 billion Yuan ($5 billion) to build a 13 million tons-a-year (260,000 barrels-a-day) refinery.

Source: Xinhua, September 21, 2010

Xinhua: The Most Aid to Iceland Was from China

In an exclusive interview with Xinhua, Iceland’s President Olafur Ragnar Grimsson said that after being hit by the financial crisis, the greatest amount of financial aid that Iceland received was not from Europe or any other Western country, but from China. Grímsson took the interview while attending the Summer Davos Meeting, an annual meeting organized by the World Economic Forum, which was held in Tianjin on September 13 of this year.

Source: Xinhua, September 15, 2010

Overseas Chinese Media Executives Trained in Beijing on Tibetan & Xinjiang History and Culture

According to China News Service,the sixth training seminar for overseas media executives started in Beijing on August 28. Forty Chinese-language media executives and representatives from 23 countries attended the two-day training class, which was on Tibetan & Xinjiang history and culture, and then went to Xinjiang for a visit. 

Zhao Yang, deputy director of the Overseas Chinese Affairs Office of the State Council, said at the class opening ceremony that Chinese media must strive for the right to have a voice internationally. They play a unique role in increasing China’s capacity for external communication. 

Source: China News Service, August 28, 2010

Beidaihe Retreat for Overseas Chinese Talent

Beidaihe, best known as China’s Camp David, is a retreat commonly used by the Party’s highest leadership each July to slip away from the summer heat of Beijing and to plan important strategies in the privacy that Beidaihe offers. 
In July, the Chinese Communist Party invited 70 some overseas Chinese experts to Beidaihe for a vacation. They are part of the “1000 Elite Program,” a government initiative to attract the world’s top overseas Chinese scholars, scientists, and corporate executives back to work for China. The Beidaihe retreat program started as early as 2001.
According to the Xinhua report, the experts said that while abroad they never experienced such courtesy, and that the Party and the government gave such great attention to overseas talent. It quoted one as saying, “We must use our knowledge and technology to make more contributions to national development, and to use practical action to show gratitude to the Party and the people.”
Source: Xinhua, July 28, 2010

PLA Admiral: Diplomacy Using Incentives and Penalties

Yang Yi, Admiral of the People’s Liberation Army, discussed different means available for Chinese diplomacy. According to his article, there are three major conflicts that China faces. One is the conflict between Chinese-style socialism and the Western cold war mentality; two is resistance to a rising China by monopolistic countries trying to restrain China; and three is conflicts between the accelerated development of China and the interests of other developing countries.

In his opinion, whether the three conflicts can be resolved is the key to China’s ability to maintain stability and to avoid military conflicts. Yang recommends a balanced diplomacy consisting of full participation in international affairs to influence direction, prompt responses without following others, and proactively changing the "rules of the game" by applying incentives and penalties, i.e. using the carrot and stick approach.

Source: Huanqiu, July 28, 2010

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