After the outbreak of the novel coronavirus in Wuhan City and the rest of Hubei Province, Xi Jinping removed Jiang Chaoliang from the Hubei Provincial Party Secretary position and Ma Guoqiang from the Wuhan Party Secretary position, and had Shanghai Mayor Ying Yong and Ji’nan Party Secretary Wang Zhonglin in Shandong Province take over.
The following is the background of the two officials who were dismissed:
Jiang Chaoliang (蒋超良):
- Born in 1957. After he graduated from the Hunan Institute of Finance and Economics, he worked at the Agriculture Bank of China.
- In 1996, Dai Xianglong, then President of the People’s Bank of China (China’s Central Bank), identified Jiang as a person with great potential and promoted him from the Agriculture Bank to the People’s Bank.
- In 1997, Wang Qishan went to Guangdong to help with the financial crisis that the Asia Financial Crisis had caused. Jiang was a member of Wang’s rescue team. Wang and his team successfully completed their mission.
- In 2002, Jiang was appointed as the Deputy Governor of Hubei, leaving the banking system.
- In 2004, Jiang was appointed the Chairman of the Bank of Communications and conducted the bank’s shareholding reform.
- In 2008, Jiang was appointed to lead China Development Bank’s shareholding reform.
- In 2014, Jiang was appointed Jilin Provincial Deputy Party Secretary, Deputy Governor, Acting Governor, and later Governor.
- In 2016, Jiang was appointed as the Hubei Provincial Party Secretary.
Throughout Jiang’s career, two major powers promoted him. One was Dai Xianglong, the former President of the People’s Bank of China who was later taken down during Xi Jinping’s anti-corruption campaign. The second was Wang Qishan.
Ma Guoqiang (马国强):
- Born in 1963. Starting in 1995, Ma worked at the Baoshan Steel Group (now called the Baowu Steel Group). He was the Deputy General Manager of the Baoshan Steel Group, Deputy General Manager, and later General Manager of Baoshan Iron and Steel Co., Ltd (or Baosteel), a subsidiary of the Baoshan Steel Group.
- In 2013, Ma was appointed to be the General Manager of Wuhan Steel Group. He became the Chairman and Party Secretary of the Wuhan Steel Group in 2015.
- In 2016, Ma successfully merged Wuhan Steel Group with Baoshan Steel Group into Baowu Steel Group. Ma became the Chairman and Party Secretary of the merged company.
- In 2018, Ma was appointed as Hubei Provincial Deputy Party Secretary and Wuhan Party Secretary.
Baoshan Steel Group, based in Shanghai, has long been in part of the faction of Jiang Zemin, former head of the CCP.
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- Leadership: “The General Secretary Came to My Home”
- Leadership: The Hype and Stop of the Book “The Great Power Fighting Epidemic”
- Leadership: Wuhan Unlocked the City for Three Hours and Then Re-closed It
1. Excerpt in Chinese:
Source: Jinrongjie (Financial Industry), February 26, 2020
2. Excerpt in Chinese:
Source: Beijing News, January 6, 2020